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SYNONYMS AND ANTONYMS

Read: Ways to Say the Words You’ve Heard

Choose a few words and have the children identify three synonyms for each word.
     Examples: happy, sad, dirty, clean, fast, slow, hot, cold, big, small

From your chosen words, have the children identify at least one opposite word.
     Example word: Clean
     Synonyms: neat, spotless, spic-and span, washed, tidy
     Antonyms:  soiled, unclean, filthy, grubby, messy, sloppy, muddy, yucky

If any of the children speak more than one language, have them share how each word is said in another language.

Play Charades: Ask the children if there is a way to express these words without talking. Give a child a word or phrase that can be expressed through action.
Examples: yawning can mean you’re tired, smiling can mean you're happy, waving can mean hello or good-bye, nodding your head can mean yes, shrugging your shoulder can mean “I don’t know.”

Other resources for synonyms and antonyms:

Read-Write-Think     English Test     Lesson-Plan-Page

Instructor-WEB        Kids-Lab          Education-World

Scholastic Dictionary of Synonyms, Antonyms, and Homonyms ISBN 0-439-25415-9




FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE

Read: When My Nose Runs Where Does It Go?

Nouns: Using parts of the body, discuss other non-human objects, plants, or animals that have parts described by the same word.

Hands of a clock                      Teeth of a comb
Face of a clock                        Foot of a bed
Eye of a storm, or potato          Artichoke heart
Spine of a book                       Ear of corn
Limb of a tree                         Head of lettuce
Trunk of an elephant               Arms of a chair
Body of work                          Legs of a table                                                        Nose of a plane                      Shoulder of a road

Have the children use a dictionary to find two meanings for each word.
Example: EYE
     The organ of vision in man and animals (example: human eye)
     A hole in an instrument or tool (example: eye of needle)

Verbs: Using actions that the human body can perform discuss other non-human things that perform these actions described by these same words.

A river runs
A flag waves
Acid eats through metal
A car hugs the road
Time will tell
Dress a wound
Break a dollar, break a law
Draw a crowd                                                                                                         The wind whistles

COMING SOON: Print some of the pictures from this site depicting figures of speech such as “Its raining cats and dogs”    “Catching some Z's”   “Wear you heart on your sleeve”. Show the picture and ask the children if they know what the picture is depicting and see if they know what the figure of speech really means. OR Give some examples of figure of speech and ask the kids to draw pictures of it. You can break the class into groups and have 3-4 children work on an illustration together and then have each group present their illustration to the class and see if the class can guess which idiom is being depicted.

Include some stories on the origin of some of the idioms. Many can be found at: Phrases.org

Create a story with some blanks where the children will fill in the blanks with the appropriate idiom.

Ask the children to think of other idioms that they use regularly. Have them write a story using at least five idioms.

30 examples of idioms:
Raining cats and dogs                       Pull my leg
Shake a leg                                      Be all thumbs
Be off the hook                                  Be all ears
Be on the ball                                    Be on thin ice
Don’t get all bent out of shape             Catch some ZZZ’s
Drag you feet                                     Get off my back
Get off on the wrong foot                     Get under my skin
Get up on the wrong side of the bed     Elbow grease
Have a bee in your bonnet                   Have two left feet
Have a green thumb                            Jump down one’s throat
Let the cat out of the bag                    Open a can of worms
Paint the town red                              Spill the beans
Wear heart on sleeve                          Cost an arm and a leg
Drive me up the wall                            Cat got your tongue                                Butterflies in my stomach                    Frog in my throat

Other resources for figurative language:

Read-Write-Think     42eXplore     Teacher-Created-Resources    Lesson-Plan-Page

A couple good websites for idioms are: 

English-Daily       Idiom-Connection     Free-Dictionary

A couple of books on the topic of idioms and their origin are:

Dictionary of Idioms by Marvin Terban ISBN 0-590-38157-1

In a Pickle by Marvin Terban ISBN 0-89919-164-9

It Figures! by Giulio Maestro ISBN 0-395-66591-4


OTHER GREAT LINKS FOR TEACHERS:

Tracie Vaughn Zimmer - Teacher guides and classroom ideas

Jan Brett - activities, coloring pages, and projects

IRA/NCTE teaching standards

MCREL teaching standards

NSTA science teaching standards


http://www.teacher.org/lesson-plans/ Lesson Plans for Teachers